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Agricultural Science is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses aspects of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture and the environment. Agriculture is the set of activities that transform the environment for the production of animals and plants for food and other human usage. In addition, to protecting the environment, agriculture provides jobs especially for rural people and contributes to the viability of the area, creates a more stable food supply, and provides other desired environmental and rural outputs.
This course aims to:
- develop knowledge and understanding of the importance of agriculture as it relates to food and the environment and the multifunctionality of territories of the Caribbean region;
- provide knowledge of the dynamic nature of the value-added chain in agricultural production (from production to consumption), post-production and marketing in a complex national, regional and international market;
- develop an appreciation of the importance of agriculture in alleviating hunger and poverty, ensuring food security and safety, and improving nutrition and health;
- develop an appreciation of the importance of agriculture in providing multiple pathways to employment and further education;
- increase an awareness of the relationship between agriculture and the environment and the importance of preserving the environment;
- utilise modern technology to improve agricultural production and encourage innovation and food security within nations and regionally;
- use the scientific method to solve problems and make informed judgements;
- integrate information, communication and technological (ICT) tools and skills.
CAPE Agricultural Science SBA
MODULE 1: THE SCIENCE AND BUSINESS OF AGRICULTURE On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the principles governing Agriculture and its role locally and regionally; 2. know the Biology of plants and animals; 3. understand the different biogeochemical cycles and their effect on agriculture; 4. understand how the charges of elements relate to the absorption of nutrients in plants and animals; 5. understand the processes involved in Agribusiness management; 6. appreciate the importance of technology to the development of agriculture in the region; 7. develop analytical and practical skills.
- Differentiate among the different branches of agriculture;
- Explain the production systems associated with agriculture;
- Discuss the evolution of agriculture in the region;
- Explain the different transport mechanisms across the cell membrane;*
- Describe the endocrine systems in farm animals;
- Discuss the anatomy and physiology of male and female reproductive systems in farm animals;
- Describe the process of digestion in ruminant and non-ruminant animals;
- Explain the role of plant processes in crop production;*
- Explain the importance of biogeochemical cycles to agricultural production;
- Explain the significance of cation exchange capacity in nutrient uptake;
- Explain the concepts involved in agribusiness;
- Explain the importance of agricultural trade to the region.
MODULE 2: HORTICULTURE AND MANAGEMENT On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the principles of horticulture; 2. appreciate the concept of integrated crop management; 3. develop practical and analytical skills.
- Discuss the methods and importance of non-conventional crop farming systems in the region;
- Discuss the management of turf grass;
- Practise sustainable landscaping;
- Discuss the production of ornamental plants;
- Propagate orchard crops;*
- Discuss the production of traditional crops;
- Cultivate a fruit, root and leaf crop;*
- Explain appropriate harvesting techniques;
- Discuss the benefits of ornamental horticulture production.
MODULE 3: POSTHARVEST TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION On completion of this Module, students should: 1. demonstrate postharvesting techniques; 2. demonstrate the techniques involved in food processing; 3. acquire knowledge of marketing techniques; 4. understand the importance of food security, food safety and trade; 5. develop practical and analytical skills.
- Describe the principles and techniques governing postharvest technology;
- Describe processing procedures;
- Process one of the crops cultivated;*
- Explain the procedures involved in the marketing of processed and unprocessed crop commodities;
- Develop a business plan for the processed commodity;
- Outline the principles involved in food safety and security in crop production;
- Evaluate the impact of technology on agriculture in the region.