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Engineering has broad environmental, social and economic impacts. In fact, every day engineers and scientists make technical decisions which have significant impact on the environment. These decisions can either move us in the direction of sustainability or contribute to the growing problems. Application of the principles of Green Engineering is considered a new paradigm that allows for the incorporation of the concept of sustainability and the application of science and design solutions to problems created by conventional engineering. Green Engineering can be defined as environmentally conscious attitudes, values, and principles, combined with science, technology and innovation directed towards improving local and global environmental quality. It is the design of materials, processes, systems and devices with the objective of minimising overall environmental impact over the entire life cycle whilst meeting required performance, economic and societal constraints.
This course aims to:
- enhance students’ awareness of the broad environmental, social and economic impact of engineering;
- create an understanding of how to incorporate the principles of sustainability into engineering practices;
- promote an understanding of the principles of Green Engineering and Industrial Ecology;
- develop an understanding of the interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems related to engineering;
- promote awareness of the global challenges related to environment and the impact of our decisions on present and future generations;
- apply the principles of Green Engineering and Industrial Ecology to manage and solve environmental problems related to engineering in the Caribbean context;
- apply Scientific, Technological, Engineering and Mathematical (STEM) principles to improve the environment at the local, regional and global levels;
- design solutions to address environmental problems related to engineering;
- develop the capacity for critical thinking, creativity and innovation, problem solving, contextual learning, collaboration, emotional intelligence, entrepreneurial skills and technological competence through authentic learning experiences;
- integrate information, communication and technological (ICT) tools and skills.
CAPE Green Engineering SBA
MODULE 1: UTILISATION OF SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS AND ENERGY On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the sustainable utilisation of materials and energy; 2. comprehend the utilisation of different sources of energy; 3. understand the environmental consequences of the utilisation of different energy sources; 4. understand the different types of organic and inorganic materials; 5. appreciate the role of entropy in the manufacturing process; 6. appreciate the role of policies and decision making in the manufacturing process.
- Discuss the importance of selecting the appropriate materials;
- Justify the utilisation of materials in particular states;
- Discuss the importance of selecting the appropriate energy sources;
- Justify the utilisation of energy sources;
- Evaluate the environmental consequences of utilising different energy sources;
- Categorise the different types of organic and inorganic materials;
- Differentiate inorganic and organic materials;
- Conduct experiments to determine the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of materials;
- Discuss the laws of thermodynamics;
- Discuss the concepts of entropy and enthalpy;
- Conduct experiments to demonstrate the concepts of entropy and enthalpy;
- Relate embodied energy to the manufacturing and construction processes;
- Outline policies and decision making in manufacturing and utilisation of natural resources.
MODULE 2: SUSTAINABLE DESIGNS On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the principles related to product design; 2. appreciate the stages of the product design process; 3. appreciate biomimicry in product design; 4. demonstrate the application of biomimicry in product design; and, 5. appreciate the safety considerations related to product or engineering infrastructure design.
- Explain the principles related to designing products and infrastructure;
- Discuss issues related to water harvesting and purification processes;
- Discuss issues related to sustainable transportation;
- Explain the concept of biomimicry;
- Discuss the use of biomimicry;
- Discuss the stages of the product design process;
- Discuss the inherent safety issues related to the design of products or engineering infrastructure.
MODULE 3: GREEN ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand issues related to energy efficiencies; 2. be cognisant of mechanisms to improve energy efficiencies; 3. appreciate the utilisation of appropriate materials for the design and construction of a product or engineering infrastructure; and, 4. design and create a specific product or engineering infrastructure to address sustainability.
- Propose solutions to inefficiencies related to energy utilisation within the engineering infrastructure and/or product;
- Evaluate proposed solutions to energy inefficiencies;
- Propose the appropriate materials to be utilised in the engineering infrastructure and/or product;
- Justify the selection of appropriate materials utilised in the engineering infrastructure and/or product;
- Design a product or engineering infrastructure based on specific conditions;
- Justify the design from a Green Engineering perspective;
- Construct a model that encapsulates the product design process;
- Discuss the occupational health and safety issues related to the manufacturing of products and construction of engineering infrastructure.