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Through the advanced study of history, students should acquire the skills and knowledge that will extend the scope of their general education and provide a foundation for the professional study of history. The course of study prescribed in this syllabus seeks to enhance the interests, capabilities, skills and attitudes of students to enable them to develop as autonomous human beings capable of acting as rational and ethical individuals, and as responsible members of their community and, as such, will contribute to the development of the Ideal Caribbean Person, as outlined in The Caribbean Education Strategy (2000).
The discipline of history consists of three aspects – its content, its organising principles, and its methods of enquiry. The syllabus seeks to promote these aspects of the historian’s craft and has been organised accordingly. Its content emphasises the historical experience of the peoples of the Caribbean in the context of the Atlantic region.
This course aims to:
- develop an understanding of the Caribbean world by locating it within the larger history of the Atlantic region;
- develop knowledge and understanding of the historical linkages between the peoples of the Caribbean and peoples in other areas of the world;
- assist students to view themselves as citizens of states and as persons sharing a common Caribbean culture;
- stimulate an interest in the past and an appreciation of the processes of change and continuity, similarities and differences;
- enable the recognition of social, political and economic contradictions, paradoxes, and ambiguities;
- enable an understanding of contemporary beliefs and value systems;
- encourage the development of a sense of moral responsibility and commitment to social justice, gender equity and respect for people of different ethnicities;
- produce students who will be able to understand a world characterised by rapid scientific and technological changes;
- prepare students for tertiary education in the study of history and other disciplines
CAPE History SBA
MODULE 1: INDIGENOUS SOCIETIES On completion of this Module, students should: 1. appreciate the various achievements of the indigenous American societies in science, technology, art, culture, politics, economy, and ecology before the arrival of Africans and Europeans; 2. understand the nature of the interactions among indigenous peoples, Africans and Europeans.
- Analyse the social, political and economic activities of indigenous American cultures using the available evidence, including archaeological findings;
- Evaluate the arguments found in secondary sources on contacts between indigenous peoples of the Caribbean and other peoples before 1492 in the light of archaeological evidence;
- Analyse the nature of West African contact with Europe up to 1492;
- Assess the consequences of Spanish settlement in the Caribbean up to 1600;
- Explain the factors responsible for the conquests of the Aztecs and Incas by Spain in the sixteenth century.
MODULE 2: SLAVE SYSTEMS: CHARACTER AND DISMANTLEMENT On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the character of Caribbean society during the period of enslavement; 2. appreciate the significance of the struggles against enslavement; 3. understand the process of abolition.
- Explain the issues relating to the institution of slavery:
- Evaluate the impact of the institution of slavery on race, gender, demography and ethnic relations;
- Assess the measures used by enslaved peoples to survive, and to contribute to the overthrow of slave systems;
- Explain the process by which Haiti achieved political independence;
- Evaluate the reasons for the physical and legislative dismantlement of slave systems in the Caribbean, including the abolition of the Trans-Atlantic trade in African captives and the “Decline Thesis” of Eric Williams.
MODULE 3: FREEDOM IN ACTION On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the evolution of new institutions and relationships in the post-slavery period; 2. appreciate the social and demographic changes in post-slavery societies; 3. understand the process of nation building in the Caribbean
- Explain how the former enslaved and new immigrants established new identities and social relations in the nineteenth century;
- Analyse the attempts by Haiti’s revolutionary leaders to create a free society between 1804 and 1825;
- Evaluate the strategies employed by the people of the British-colonised Caribbean to establish independence movements and regional integration organisations;
- Evaluate the impact of the Cuban Revolution on Cuba and Cuba’s international relations between 1959 and 1983;
- Explain why the French-colonised Caribbean territories have not yet achieved independence.