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Globalisation has resulted in a significant increase in world trade and has impacted on the size and complexity of international transportation. However, Caribbean countries have not been sufficiently responsive to the impact of these global changes. Consequently, the movement of cargo throughout the region has become more expensive than the rest of the world. In addition, there is a wide disparity between countries and ports of the region in terms of productivity as the countries have not kept pace with the advances in information technology. In order to meet global requirements, Caribbean countries are required to constantly dredge and upgrade port infrastructure in order to remain relevant. The pressure on the Caribbean has not just been on the physical infrastructure but on developing and retaining qualified human resources. As a result, Caribbean ports have now recognised the need to invest in the development of the human resources in the shipping and logistics industry. This has led to the emergence of Logistics and Supply Chain Operations as a relevant area of study. Logistics and Supply Chain Operations is the task of effectively and efficiently coordinating material flow and the storage of goods, services and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements.
The study of Logistics and Supply Chain Operations will assist in satisfying the demand for logistics experts through formal preparation and certification of the human resources in the Caribbean. This will enable citizens to access employment this untapped market space and contribute to regional development. It will also lead to a better quality of life for present and future generations while providing wealth creation through new and innovative job opportunities and other economic possibilities including entrepreneurship. By pursuing this course of study, students will develop decision-making, problem solving, critical thinking and technological skills. This course is designed to provide the knowledge, skills and competencies that are required for further studies, as well as for the world of work.
This syllabus aims to:
- promote an awareness of the importance of the global logistics and supply chain industry;
- help students understand the impact of globalisation and global logistics on multi-modal transport in the Caribbean;
- create awareness of the impact of regulatory bodies on national and regional policies;
- help students understand the role and value of stakeholders and information systems in logistics;
- foster an understanding of the impact of logistics on economic development at the national, regional and international levels;
- develop the capacity for critical thinking, creativity, problem solving, leadership and management, positive cooperative behaviours, emotional intelligence, entrepreneurial skills and technological competence through authentic learning experiences;
- integrate information, communication and technological (ICT) tools and skills.
CAPE Logistics and Supply Chain Operations: Unit 2 SBA
Module 1: COMMERCIAL SHIPPING On completion of this Module, students should understand the nature and factors influencing vessel choice related to commercial shipping.
- Differentiate among the types of shipping and cargo
- Discuss the components of commercial shipping
- Explain the factors influencing vessel choice
- Describe the different types of vessels
- Describe the different types of shipping markets
- Discuss issues affecting commercial ship operations
- Discuss the relationship among national, regional and international shipping policies
- Discuss the roles and functions of regulatory and enforcement organisations
Module 2: PORT OPERATIONS On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the varied functions and classifications of ports; 2. be aware of the factors affecting port and terminal operations; 3. understand the role of the private and public sectors in the management of ports; 4. appreciate the importance of the private sector in the management and operations of ports; and 5. understand the role of ports in facilitating logistics.
- Describe the different types of ports
- Explain the characteristics and functions of a port
- Explain the factors influencing port choice
- Discuss factors affecting port and terminal development
- Explain the types of terminals
- Compare the roles of government and private sector in the management and operations of ports
- Examine the impact of public/private partnerships in port management and operations
- Examine the role of the various stakeholders in the efficient operation of a port
- Discuss the changing roles of ports in logistics and supply chain operations
Module 3: LOGISTICS TRANSFORMING ECONOMICS On completion of this Module, students should: 1. understand the transformational effect of logistics on social, economic, environmental and political factors on a named model city/country in the region; 2. conduct a comparative analysis on a named model city/country and a Caribbean country of their choice.